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The Bacteriophage Story

Bacteriophages "MediPhag" - protection without antibiotics

History

In 1929, Alexander Fleming discovered the first antibiotic in the world, penicillin, and the era of antibiotics began in the early 1940s. In 1945, he, speaking in his Nobel speech, said: “A time may come when penicillin can be bought at any store. Then there is a danger that an ignorant person can easily assign a dose to himself and expose microbes to non-lethal quantities of a drug, making them sustainable. ” Today, with any bacterial infection, the doctor will prescribe antibiotics for you - this is the standard of treatment. However, we know that antibiotics are far from harmless. Yes, they kill pathogens, but at the same time destroy useful microorganisms. In addition, antibiotics have many side effects on all organs and systems. Another disadvantage is the strict regimen. It is necessary to take antibiotics at a certain time, and you should definitely take the whole course. Otherwise, bacteria may develop resistance to this means . As predicted almost 70 years ago, the person who discovered the first antibiotic already has drug resistance. Almost immediately, microbes began to appear, capable of re-forming themselves to the action of antibiotics . Today, the spread of so-called antibiotic-resistant microorganisms is becoming the scale of the disaster. In this situation, a worthy alternative to antibiotics in the treatment of many diseases of bacterial origin can be used to create bacteriophages , which were opened almost a century ago. Bacteriophages, which literally means “bacteria eaters,” are special viruses that can multiply only in the presence of a certain type of pathogenic bacteria. Bacteriophages can reproduce themselves similar only by bacteria. But this feature of man is only on hand: after all, the bacteriophage not only feeds on the cells of harmful bacteria, but also destroys them literally to the ground. When bacteria do not remain, bacteriophages are excreted naturally through the body, without toxic effects on the body. There are no contraindications to the reception of bacteriophages. They can be prescribed to pregnant women, nursing mothers and children of any age, including premature babies. Important features of bacteriophages, providing their advantage over other drugs, are high specificity for target microorganisms, good compatibility with other drugs, the absence of allergic reactions and the effect of normalizing disturbed micro biogenesis in the treatment of intestinal symbiosis and vaginosis in women. That is why today bacteriophages have come to the attention of scientists. In medicine, bacteriophages are used: staphylococcal, streptococcal, dysenteric polyvalent, salmonella polyvalent, klebsielle, pyobacteriophage, if, predaceous, coli, and others.